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KACo Policy Brief: Electric Vehicle Fees

By Kayla Carter, Research Associate
Review of fees levied on electric and hybrid vehicles in other states.

 

Download a PDF version of this policy brief here.


2022 KACo Legislative Priority:
Develop a proactive model for the collection of electric vehicle fees that includes a direct distribution to counties.


Electric vehicle fees are levied on certain electric and hybrid vehicles in addition to standard registration fees in 30 states. Counties receive a portion of fee revenue in approximately two-thirds of the states with county road systems.

Summary:

  • As of July 31, 2021, 30 states levy an electric vehicle fee.
  • Electric vehicle fees range from $50 to $225, with an average rate of $120.
  • Every state surrounding Kentucky has an electric vehicle fee, with an average rate of $127.
  • Seventeen states also levy a hybrid vehicle fee, the majority levied on plug-in hybrid vehicles.
  • Hybrid fees range from $20 to $100, with an average of $64.
  • A majority – two-thirds – of the states that have county road systems allocate a portion of their electric vehicle fee revenue to counties.

 


Data Source - National Conference of State Legislatures. (12/1/2020) “Special Fees on Plug-In Hybrid and Electric Vehicles.”; News stories and searches to update to July 2021.

Data source - State Department of Transportation websites and state statutes. Counties in North Carolina and West Virginia do not own roads and own less than 3 percent of roads in Virginia.

Kentucky Association of Counties
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